Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark and has around 1,230,000 inhabitants as of 2013. It is Denmark’s largest urban area with 18 municipalities making up the Copenhagen metropolitan area. The center consists of Copenhagen, including the enclave of Frederiksberg, and has over 660,000 inhabitants. The Danish capital is also the center of the Øresund region, which over time is expected to become Scandinavia’s largest metropolitan area. The Øresund region covers in Denmark and Sweden and includes 2.5 million inhabitants in Denmark and 3.7 million in the Swedish part.
Copenhagen is located on the eastern coast of Denmark. Since 2000, Copenhagen and Malmö have been connected by the Øresund link.
In Copenhagen are Denmark’s governmental institutions such as parliament, the monarchy, the Supreme Court and the central government. The city is the nation’s cultural and economic center and a major transportation hub with the largest airport, the largest train station and one of the largest ports, as well as cultural institutions such as Tivoli Gardens, the National Museum and Opera.
Copenhagen’s history can be traced back to around the year 800, where a small fishing village stood where the city center is now. By the 1300s, the city was Denmark’s richest and most important, a status which it has maintained ever since.
Presently around. 22% of the Danish population live in the Copenhagen metropolitan area. After an economic downturn at the end of the 20 century, the city has experienced economic and cultural progress over the last decade and is now stronger both nationally and internationally.
Today Copenhagen is one of Northern Europe’s financial centers and in the last decades has shifted from being a stagnant industrial city to compete internationally as a leading growth engine. Copenhagen is home to a number of large international companies such as AP Moller-Maersk, Carlsberg, Novo Nordisk, The Danish Bank and ISS.